Note: Capital works, including building and structural improvements, cannot be immediately written off. An exception to this is certain structural improvements (i.e. fencing and sheds) for farming businesses which may be claimable by primary producers.
It is not a requirement that the asset was ordered or invoiced during the acquisition date timeframe, just that it is first used or installed ready for use. For example, if you ordered a piece of equipment costing $200,000 in September 2020 and it is delivered to you in November 2020 ready to use, you will be eligible for the full $200,000 deduction.
It's important to note if you're purchasing a passenger vehicle for business use, the purchase may be subject to the depreciation car limit which is currently $59,136 for the 2020-21 financial year. This is the maximum deduction you can claim on the purchase of your vehicle.
If the car limit applies to your vehicle, you can only claim a deduction for the business portion of the car limit.
This limit does not apply to vehicles with a carrying capacity over one tonne or greater than 8 passengers.
Assets that are leased out are specifically excluded from the simplified depreciation rules (Instant Asset Write-Off and Small Business Pooling), however they are not specifically excluded from the Backing Business Investment Incentive and Temporary Full Expensing of Depreciating Assets rules.
Therefore, from 12 March 2020, when the Backing Business Investment Incentive became available, leased assets greater than $150,000 are eligible for accelerated depreciation of 50%, plus regular depreciation on the balance, in the first year of acquisition.
Then from 6 October 2020, when the Temporary Full Expensing of Depreciation Assets became available, leased assets purchased can be immediately written off. This will apply up to 30 June 2022.
To utilise these rules you must be carrying on a business.
Businesses have the option to opt out of the Temporary Full Expensing of Depreciating Assets and Backing Business Investment Incentive regime on an asset-by-asset basis. If choosing to opt-out, then the general depreciation rules would apply to the asset. This choice cannot be changed.
The choice to opt-out is not available to businesses with turnover less than $500m who use the simplified depreciation rules (Instant Asset Write-Off and Small Business Pooling). Businesses who utilise the simplified depreciation rules can only choose to opt-up of the rules entirely for all assets i.e. do not have the choice on an asset-to-asset basis.
For example, a company with turnover of $100m purchased an asset for $120,000 on 1 August 2020 and claimed a 100% tax deduction under the Instant Asset Write-Off regime. They purchased another asset on 7 October 2020 for $200,000. Since they have previously utilised the simplified depreciation rules, they cannot opt-out of full expensing and will need to claim a $200,000 deduction for the new asset purchase.
If a business chooses to opt-out, their small business general pool will remain and continue to depreciate according to pooling rules.
Normally, a taxpayer who opts-out of simplified depreciation (Instant Asset Write-Off and Small Business Pooling), even though they are eligible to do so, must stay out of the regime for five years.
These rules have been suspended from May 2015 until 30 June 2022.
If you have any questions, please contact Brentnalls SA and ask to speak to one of our advisors.
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The information provided in this information sheet does not constitute advice. The information is of a general nature only and does not take into account your individual financial situation. It should not be used, relied upon, or treated as a substitute for specific professional advice. We recommend that you contact Brentnalls SA before making any decision to discuss your particular requirements or circumstances.